By Rajendra Singh
South Asia is domestic to plenty of languages and dialects. even supposing linguists engaged on this area have made major contributions to our realizing of language, society, and language in society on an international scale, there's as but no famous foreign discussion board for the alternate of principles among linguists engaged on South Asia. the yearly overview of South Asian Languages and Linguistics is designed to be simply that discussion board. It brings jointly empirical and theoretical learn and serves as a checking out flooring for the articulation of latest rules and ways that could be grounded in a learn of South Asian languages yet that have common applicability.
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Extra resources for Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 2012
What about compound words, though? Under the assumptions of WWM, the morphological sister of biaxial syntax, a 'compound word' is not formally a constitute in which two full word constituents are structorally nested (Singh & Dasgupta 1999). As far as the grammar (but not the semantics 13) is concerned, a compound word counts as a syntagmatically unitary unsegmentable. Only on the paradigmatic axis do Word Formation Strategies associate it with what the structuralist eye sees as its constituents.
The question is empirical. Psychologists have accumnlated a robust body of resnlts concerning word level associations; poetry and proverbs belong to another chamber. nits and Procs, substantivist inquiry will take it on board, once psychological results flesh out its mentally effective structures. It is from semiotics, not grammar, that we can expect predictions as to the (un-)availability of associations. The verb atomization literature can be froitfully construed as offering a cross-linguistically constant formal semantics for verb meanings orthogonal to cross-linguistic lexico-syntactic diversity.
Examples like hoye pORa, kore phEla work the same way; one of the words is not fully verbal [Okriyo], the other one is fully verbal [SOkriyo]. There is yet another way for a noun and a verb- or for two verbs - to combine without their meanings adding up, as in: mar khawa, uThe pORa, gal dewa, boSe jawa, ghure mOra, giye pORa, kheye baMca, neRe dewa" (Tagore 1938/1978: 444). Within the compound verb class, then, Tagore distinguishes two subtypes. The unipolar subtype (relatively well studied from the nineteen seventies onwards) involves a 'not fully verbal' vector combining with a 'fully verbal' pole.