By Michael Wintle
This ebook offers a finished account of Dutch historical past within the "long" 19th century. during this attention-grabbing and instructive interval the rustic observed super speedy inhabitants progress, amazing dying charges, striking fertility, the various quickest financial progress on the planet, a uniquely huge and effective carrier zone, an unlimited and ecocnomic out of the country empire, and relative tolerance. this can be the single single-authored publication at the moment on hand in this the most important interval of Dutch heritage, and it'll be of valuable value to Dutch experts, in addition to eu historians extra ordinarily.
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Additional resources for An Economic and Social History of the Netherlands, 1800-1920: Demographic, Economic and Social Transition
For example, the introduction of the potato to European diets is accepted as having acted as an important extender of life from the late eighteenth century onwards,…À and the impact of the agricultural golden years of the 1850s and 1860s, lasting into the 1870s, with harvests and yields at unprecedented levels, cannot have failed to exert an inXuence on the decline in mortality from the 1870s onwards. The import of increasing quantities of cheap grains from the world’s wide-open spaces from the 1870s onwards further continued this trend of there being larger amounts of cheap food available to the people of the Netherlands.
There were some important regional variations, which were broadly coincidental with religious distribution. Thus marriage was at a later age and less frequent in much of Catholic Brabant, Limburg and Gelderland; in the western, urban Noord-Holland, and in northern Protestant Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe, people married earlier and more frequently. Remarriage was also more likely in the west (mixed but predominantly Calvinist) than in the south (Catholic). Ãœ We shall examine the regional characteristics which can be discerned in nuptuality and marriage ageÃ– more closely when we come to deal with marriage fertility below.
However, there were other problems afoot: as H. Swellengrebel and De Buck, Malaria, 6, 26–8, 119. See also Brouwer, ‘Malaria’. À Hofstee, Korte demograWsche geschiedenis, 66–7 and 69–72; on Zeeland see Wintle, Zeeland and the churches, 42–3. Demographic indicators 19 Brouwer has observed, one of the provinces worst aVected by the high mortality was Zuid-Holland, which suVered little from salination problems. Ã Some Dutch tap-water nowadays comes from collection plants in the dunes, and is of excellent quality; much of the rest, although chemically safe, is so heavily treated because of its origins in some of Europe’s most polluted rivers that its taste is quite repellant.