By Otto Michael Lesch MD, Henriette Walter MD, Christian Wetschka PhD, Michie N. Hesselbrock PhD, Victor Hesselbrock PhD (auth.)
Alcohol and nicotine habit often ensue jointly. over the past ten years healing features and motivational suggestions were significantly greater. accordingly, teams and subgroups were outlined and will be handled with particular medicine and tailored psychotherapies, major within the long-term to significantly higher and more desirable effects than the as soon as largely utilized, rigorous abstinence -based remedies. although, alcohol and nicotine dependancy nonetheless signify significant scientific and social problems.
In this publication, new healing techniques are comprehensively defined, outlining the several interactions among character, setting and the consequences of the substance.
In addition to prevention-based treatments and analysis, crucial mental and sociological recommendations, in addition to medication-based cures, also are offered intimately. All of those treatments have reasonable goals and are of worldwide validity. furthermore, the publication presents a huge assessment of the yank and ecu epidemiology of alcohol and nicotine addictions. The ebook is written for all those that deal with and supply expert remedy for alcohol and nicotine-addicted patients.
Read Online or Download Alcohol and Tobacco: Medical and Sociological Aspects of Use, Abuse and Addiction PDF
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Extra resources for Alcohol and Tobacco: Medical and Sociological Aspects of Use, Abuse and Addiction
1993). At the start of every addiction, the substance’s effect is quickly experienced as very enjoyable. However, the very ﬁrst consumption of tobacco and alcohol is often experienced as nega- tive and use only becomes more frequent after several attempts, typically as a result of peer group pressure. The addictive drug is then taken more frequently when the pharmacological effects of smoking and tobacco ingredients or alcohol begin to have a positive pharmacological effect (key-lock principle).
A primary disadvantage are the increased risks associated with this early consumption and the development of physical and psychological dysfunctions, as well as the learned attitude that alcohol can be used as a basic food. Almost 50 % of adults think that it is acceptable for adolescents between the age of 16 and 18 to consume alcohol at home or at parties, an attitude which generally complies with regulations of the protection of minors (child welfare). Depending upon the situation, 9-18 % think that alcohol consumption is acceptable even before the age of 16.
2 Models of depth psychology These models predominantly present pre-morbid personality disorders. Childhood development is a process that can be disrupted at certain points and abnormal developments might occur that can lead to a disposition to develop an addiction. Zingerle (1994) emphasised three central functions of addiction in the light of depth psychology, which are, ﬁrstly, addiction as a means of satisfaction, secondly, addiction as a means of defence (e. g. depression and anxiety) and thirdly, addiction as a means of compensating e.