By Ernst Lutz
Agriculture in constructing international locations has been remarkably efficient over the last few a long time; notwithstanding, the creation degrees have been completed on the fee of putting extra rigidity on average assets and the surroundings. This quantity brings jointly state of the art utilized, useful learn relating to agriculture, improvement, and the surroundings within the constructing global. It makes an attempt to distill present wisdom and to summarize it in readable shape for improvement practitioners. the place attainable, authors use particular examples to point which methods have labored and that have no longer, less than which stipulations, and why.
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Additional resources for Agriculture and the Environment: Perspectives on Sustainable Rural Development (World Bank Symposium)
Page xii JOHN FARRINGTON Overseas Development Institute London DOUGLAS A. C. ROBERTA V. C. C. C. STEIN T. HOLDEN Agricultural University of Norway Ås STEEN JOFFE Consultant Linton, Kent, United Kingdom DAVID KAIMOWITZ Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Bogor, Indonesia EDWIN B. C. C. C. C. C. PRABHU L. PINGALI International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Mexico City, Mexico JULES N. PRETTY University of Essex Colchester, United Kingdom AGNES R. C. C. TJAART W. C. C.
They note that the Boserup effects are far from automatic. Rather they are an outcome of investment decisions made by farmers, who require a positive incentive regime and access to soil and water resources and markets. If adverse policy regimes deny these conditions, impoverished peasants are forced to mine the land resources rather than augment them. This is especially damaging if they only have access to marginal land or to humid tropical forest frontiers. Although the authors discuss the importance of agricultural policies, they also stress the importance of proper infrastructure (related to Boserup's market access condition), education (in particular the education of girls), health, and macro-economic stability.
Binswanger 50 6 Agricultural Trade Reforms, Research Initiatives, and the Environment Kym Anderson 71 7 Property Regimes in Economic Development: Lessons and Policy Implications Daniel W. Bromley 83 Page vi 8 Equity and Environmental "Modifiers" for Rural Development Policies Peter Hazell 92 Part II. Institutional and Social Perspectives 95 9 Participatory Rural Development Deepa Narayan 103 10 Involving Local Organizations in Watershed Management Jacqueline A. Ashby, Edwin B. Knapp, and Helle Munk Ravnborg 118 11 Innovative Approaches to Technology Generation and Dissemination for Low-Income Farmers John Farrington and Graham Thiele 130 12 People-Centered Agricultural Development: Principles of Extension for Achieving Long-Term Impact Roland Bunch 145 13 Making Market-Assisted Land Reform Work: Initial Experience from Colombia, Brazil, and South Africa Klaus Deininger 156 14 Decentralization and Biodiversity Conservation Julian Caldecott and Ernst Lutz 175 15 The Importance of Gender Issues for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Rural Development Agnes R.