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By Antje Wiener

The Theory of Contestation advances serious norms study in diplomacy. It scrutinises the makes use of of ‘contestation’ in diplomacy theories with reference to its descriptive and normative power. in this case, severe investigations into diplomacy are performed in line with 3 pondering instruments from public philosophy and the social sciences: The normativity premise, the variety premise and cultural cosmopolitanism. The ensuing conception of contestation involves 4 major positive aspects, specifically varieties of norms, modes of contestation, segments of norms and the cycle of contestation. the idea distinguishes among the primary of contestedness and the perform of contestation and argues that, if contestedness is permitted as a meta-organising precept of world governance, usual entry to contestation for all concerned stakeholders will increase valid governance within the international realm.

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5 addresses the shift from dialogue to mulitlogue. 1 Argument: The Legitimacy Gap At the constituting stage treaty law is purposefully broad-versed so as to be able to include as wide a range of signatories for a document as possible (Chayes and Chayes 1993). Given this emphasis on general agreement, the subsequent contested interpretation of the details of the agreement (whether of legal quality of not) at the implementing stage in specific local contexts is to be expected. Deitelhoff and Zimmermann suggest distinguishing two types of contestation as ‘‘justificatory contestation’’ and ‘‘applicatory contestation’’ (Deitelhoff and Zimmermann 2013, pp.

18 2 The Normativity Premise Global governance theories emerged in the 1990s and are, in their majority, interested in creating norms with the intention to control the effect of globalised movement of capital, finance and trade through policy mechanisms and international organisations. In turn, global constitutionalism addresses the normative substance and public legitimacy of constitutionalisation beyond the nation state. e. processes of constitutionalisation that unfold without being explicitly bound by states (Wiener and Oeter 2011; Wiener et al.

1 Three segments of norms Segments Reference Form Formal validity Social recognition Cultural validation Official document Social group Individual experience Law, law-like Unwritten, law-like Socio-cultural, informal These three segments are situated on the cycle of norm validation. They indicate the likelihood of contestation as opposed to the fixed combination of agency and segment at a given stage of norm implementation. e. formal validity, social recognition, and cultural validation) (Fig. 4 Each segment on the cycle operates in interaction with the other and with reference to a specific norm.

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