By Samuel Elmo Martin
Have you puzzled a few eastern sentence your textbook fails to provide an explanation for? Do you are feeling uncertain concerning the use of «wa,» «ga,» and «mo?» Or what the principles and meanings of phrases of their literary types are? if this is the case, you can find your solutions in A Reference Grammar of eastern, the main finished and trustworthy reference resource to be had. With an intensive 105-page index, the reader will fast locate causes for debris similar to wa, ga, mo, ni, and de tricky nouns reminiscent of mono, koto, tokoro, wake, hazu, and tame sentence extensions reminiscent of ne, yo, sa, yara, and nari verb tenses, literary varieties, unfavourable types - in brief, every little thing excited by the japanese language. For the intense scholar, this e-book is vital for clearing up the ambiguities of complicated eastern sentences.
«A really huge paintings. the best reference grammars ever written approximately any language.» - magazine of Asian Studies
«A wealth of knowledge has been packed among the covers.» - Monumenta Nipponica
«By a long way the main complete reference grammar of jap within the English language (and might be in any language).» - magazine of Linguistics
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Additional info for A Reference Grammar of Japanese
1 07 - 8) has compared the Japanese sentence to the furoshiki, that marvel ous carryal l kerchief which wi l l expand or contract to just the size needed for the traveler to carry his belongings-and which can be tucked neatly away when not in use. It is of l it tle concern that the contents may get rumpled in transit (or that the parts of t he sentence may lose their overt signals of reference) , since they can always be pressed out at the end of the journey (as the listener can i nfer the m issing marks of reference) .
1 b) ; [no yoo] ni tatu 'is useful' ( ? 4 metaphorical) ; go-sankoo made n i 'for your reference/i nformation' ( ? 8) ; is-syuukan [-goto] ni iti-do 'once a week ( ? 0, ? 3) ; zyuu-nin ni h itori wa 'one out of ten persons' ( ? zyuu-ni n [ no utfn J n i [aru ] h itori 'one [who is] in [the m idst of] ten') ; mizu ni oboreru 'drowns in water' ( ? 4, ? 1 b) ; zyuu-zi no basu ni okureru 'is late for the ten o'clock bus' ( ? 1 3) ; h ito-i ki ni nomu 'drinks it at a gulp'; kam i n i tutumu 'wraps it i n paper' (cf.
G . Mabuchi 2 1 2 ) sometimes use the correspond ing Japanese terms syu kan-teki 'subjective' and kyak kan-teki 'obj ective' in precisely the opposite way . Caveat lector. 5 . Sometimes contracted to n [o ) . especially before t, d , or n : ore n [o] toko 'my place', boku-ra n [ o] toko 'our place' ( A riyosh i 20) . And si nce /nn/ automatical ly reduces to a single /n/ al l trace of the con tracted n [o] is lost in Tatibana san [ ] toko wa 'Mr Tachibana's place' (Ariyosh i 71 ) . 96) . 6 . For some speakers prototonic kara .