By Nicholas M. Prescott, Menno Pradhan
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Extra resources for A poverty profile of Cambodia, Parts 63-373
The agenda for institutionalizing poverty analysis and policy in Cambodia embraces four key elements. First, the government should consider adopting routine implementation of a new national household survey which offers both multipurpose coverage and geographic disaggregation. This calls for a two-part ''core/module" household survey design. The purposes of the core are to support monitoring of changes in key indicators over time, and identification of priority areas for geographic targeting of development programs.
As such it marks an important contribution to development of the information base for better poverty analysis and policy in Cambodia. Cambodia's poverty profile for 1993/94 provides policy-oriented poverty comparisons which can be used to help target anti-poverty programs, to make international comparisons of poverty incidence, and to set a baseline for future monitoring of Cambodia's development progress over time. Publication of this paper makes available the methodology and results to stimulate discussion and comment on Cambodia's poverty reduction agenda within the development community.
Although people living in female-headed households account for nearly 23 percent of the population, they account for only about 15 percent of all the poor in Cambodia. Overall, it does not appear to be the case that female-headed households are generally more vulnerable to poverty than those headed by males; in fact the opposite seems to be the case. In this respect gender and poverty patterns by household headship are similar to those observed in other East Asian countries such as Vietnam and Indonesia.