By Edwin S. Hunt, James Murray
A background of industrial in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550, demolishes the generally held view that the word "medieval business" is an oxymoron. The authors evaluate the total diversity of industrial in medieval western Europe, probing its Roman and Christian history to find the commercial and political forces that formed the association of agriculture, production, development, mining, transportation, and advertising. Then they take care of the responses of businessmen to the devastating plagues, famines, and conflict that beset Europe within the overdue heart a while. Medieval businessmen's notable good fortune in dealing with this adversarial new atmosphere ready the way in which for the commercial enlargement of the 16th century.
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Extra resources for A History of Business in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks)
Analogous to the free villages of central European colonists were the so-called “water associations” that oversaw the maintenance and expansion of the reclamation projects along the Flemish and Dutch coasts. These organizations were composed of both peasants and representatives of monasteries or noble landholders who together apportioned the cost of construction and maintenance of dikes and canals among landholders, appointed the “Sluismeester” (manager of the drainage works), and even exercised some governing powers in the reclaimed areas.
The conquest of the medieval frontier from the ninth to the thirteenth century is perhaps the best demonstration of the power inherent in the manorial social system. The dynamic was much the same: lords provided capital and incentives to peasants in order to capture their labor for the realization of a variety of objectives. Here, the lords – monasteries, princes, knights – offered peasants special privileges and power over newly won agricultural land. These “assarts” always gave peasants increased rights to the crops they produced, in the form of either reduced labor services owed or an increased share of the crop.
In England there is evidence of a less organized cycle of fairs that becomes clear in the thirteenth century. Fair structure analogous to that in Flanders appears primarily in the fairs of Stamford, Saint Ives, Boston,Winchester, King’s Lynn, and Northampton in the northeast of the island. Also in the thirteenth century the most important of the fair cycles, the Champagne fairs, evolved into their final form. These were the first to transcend the regional to become truly international in scope and significance.