By Paul F State
Regardless of the country's small dimension, the Netherlands has performed a comparatively huge half within the background of trade, govt, artwork, and faith, and it has left an indelible imprint on the entire world's continents. this article presents a normal evaluate of the heritage of the rustic from precedent days onwards.
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Extra info for A Brief History of the Netherlands (Brief History)
Bishops, who as clergymen acquired title to nonheritable lands, were appointed by the Holy Roman Emperors in a bid to stem the erosion of imperial authority by dukes and counts. In the region that is today the Netherlands, the bishops sitting at Utrecht held ecclesiastical authority over wide swaths of territory. To the chagrin of their imperial overlords, they too, like their nonclerical counterparts, began to acquire secular power over surrounding areas. Feudalism emerged most prominently in regions south of the Rhine River.
Km) of polderlands in the Groot Waard were never drained, and they remain submerged today. Over decades, a network of interlacing small rivers and creeks emerged, mottled with mudflats and islands on which willow forests, grasslands, and reedbeds appeared. At first called the Bergse Veld and now known as the Biesbosch (“forest of sedges”), the area is one of the largest national parks in the Netherlands and one of the last freshwater tidal locales in Europe. devastated the Rhine river region around Dordrecht, wiping out two centuries of progress in land reclamation.
No longer imperial appointees after 1122, the bishops were elected by the canons of the five collegiate churches of Utrecht. They proved as covetous to acquire additional lands as their lay neighbors. Between the Oversticht and the Nedersticht a territorial vacuum existed. The lands here—Gelderland (Guelders), Zutphen, the Veluwe, and the Bommelerswaard—were united under Otto I (r. 1184–1207), the first count of Gelderland. In the east, a fragmented political landscape existed. The rulers of Brabant, Limburg, and Gelderland competed here for overlordship of fragmented bits of territory with varying legal powers; however, the bits were wealthy ones.