Download A Brief History of the Netherlands (Brief History) by Paul F State PDF

By Paul F State

Regardless of the country's small dimension, the Netherlands has performed a comparatively huge half within the background of trade, govt, artwork, and faith, and it has left an indelible imprint on the entire world's continents. this article presents a normal evaluate of the heritage of the rustic from precedent days onwards.

Show description

Read or Download A Brief History of the Netherlands (Brief History) PDF

Best deals in books books

Insider Strategies for Outsourcing Information Systems: Building Productive Partnerships, Avoiding Seductive Traps

One of many quickest starting to be industries in the US is the outsourcing of data platforms, with large and small businesses alike utilizing contractors to control their strong details networks. yet how potent is it for executives to rent outsourcers to manage the advanced info platforms which are so serious to modern day firms?

Fifty More Places to Play Golf Before You Die: Golf Experts Share the World's Greatest Destinations

Fifty extra areas to Play golfing prior to You Die is the 6th of Chris Santella’s well known “Fifty areas” books (more than 250,000 copies in print), and the 1st to come to golf—the sequence’ preferred subject. In this new booklet Santella interviews 50 luminaries within the golfing global approximately their favourite classes and reports.

Life is a serious business

If laughter is the easiest drugs then this booklet is the prescription. it's a number of funny and infrequently cynical observations at the trials and tribulations of a normal burdened person, trying to paintings and dwell in modern-day eire. It eventually addresses many of the nice mysteries of existence resembling the place do previous automobiles move after they die?

Extra info for A Brief History of the Netherlands (Brief History)

Sample text

Bishops, who as clergymen acquired title to nonheritable lands, were appointed by the Holy Roman Emperors in a bid to stem the erosion of imperial authority by dukes and counts. In the region that is today the Netherlands, the bishops sitting at Utrecht held ecclesiastical authority over wide swaths of territory. To the chagrin of their imperial overlords, they too, like their nonclerical counterparts, began to acquire secular power over surrounding areas. Feudalism emerged most prominently in regions south of the Rhine River.

Km) of polderlands in the Groot Waard were never drained, and they remain submerged today. Over decades, a network of interlacing small rivers and creeks emerged, mottled with mudflats and islands on which willow forests, grasslands, and reedbeds appeared. At first called the Bergse Veld and now known as the Biesbosch (“forest of sedges”), the area is one of the largest national parks in the Netherlands and one of the last freshwater tidal locales in Europe. devastated the Rhine river region around Dordrecht, wiping out two centuries of progress in land reclamation.

No longer imperial appointees after 1122, the bishops were elected by the canons of the five collegiate churches of Utrecht. They proved as covetous to acquire additional lands as their lay neighbors. Between the Oversticht and the Nedersticht a territorial vacuum existed. The lands here—Gelderland (Guelders), Zutphen, the Veluwe, and the Bommelerswaard—were united under Otto I (r. 1184–1207), the first count of Gelderland. In the east, a fragmented political landscape existed. The rulers of Brabant, Limburg, and Gelderland competed here for overlordship of fragmented bits of territory with varying legal powers; however, the bits were wealthy ones.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.64 of 5 – based on 31 votes