By Frank McLynn
If ever there has been a 12 months of future for the British Isles, 1066 should have a robust declare. King Harold confronted invasion not only from William and the Normans around the English Channel yet from the Dane, King Harald Hardrada. prior to he confronted the Normans at Hastings in October, he had defeated the Danes at York and Stamford Bridge in September.
In this beautifully researched examine, Frank McLynn overturns long-accepted myths, displaying how William’s victory on the conflict of Hastings used to be no longer, actually, a simple task, and arguing that Harald Hardrada used to be really the best warrior of the 3. it is a masterly research, and divulges the reality to be extra attention-grabbing than the myths surrounding this pivotal 12 months in background.
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Extra info for 1066: Year Of Three Battles
1088)’, in ODNB, vol. 57, p. 404; C. Warren Hollister, ‘The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne’, Réflexions Historiques, 3 (1976): 83–91, reprinted in his Monarchy, Magnates and Institutions, pp. 137–44. 89 GH, p. 369; Swanton, ‘Deeds of Hereward’, p. 38. See also LE, p. 180; LEH, p. 212. 90 GH, pp. 374–6; Swanton, ‘Deeds of Hereward’, pp. 41–2. 91 GH, pp. 378–82; Swanton, ‘Deeds of Hereward’, pp. 43–6. 92 LE, p. 180; LEH, p. 212. 93 GH, pp. 401–2; Swanton, ‘Deeds of Hereward’, p.
82 Robert Malet’s involvement in the opposition to Hereward may thus have owed something to his strong ties with a powerful Norman administrative family in Lincolnshire. 83 Many of Alfred’s estates were ‘Hereward “the Wake”’, 7–9; Williams, The English, p. 50. For signs that Ivo may have plundered Ely abbey, see LE, pp. 199–200; LEH, p. 237; Regesta William I, no. 122. 80 GH, pp. 401–2; Swanton, ‘Deeds of Hereward’, p. 58. W. Hollister, ‘Henry I and Robert Malet’, Viator, 4 (1973): 115–22, reprinted in his Monarchy, Magnates and Institutions in the Anglo-Norman World (London, 1986), pp.
79 For Ralph, see Green, English Sheriffs, pp. 25, 28, 47; R. Abels, ‘Sheriffs, LordSeeking and the Norman Settlement of the South-East Midlands’, Anglo-Norman Studies, 19 (1997): 35–40. For Ivo’s oppressions, see ‘Descriptio Ingulphum Abbatem’, pp. 71–3, 86, 94–5, 107, 125; Ingulph’s Chronicle, pp. 143–7, 193, 222–3, 258–60. According to this source, one of the places taken by Ivo from Crowland abbey was Spalding, which he used to found his own religious house. Ivo held a manor at Spalding and was a benefactor of Spalding priory, as was his wife Countess Lucy: DB, vol.